Francesca Pianosi Keith Beven Jeison Sosa Christopher Sampson Most Cited Articles The most cited articles published since , extracted from Scopus. Gordon S. Latest Mendeley Data Datasets. Mendeley Data Repository is free-to-use and open access. It enables you to deposit any research data including raw and processed data, video, code, software, algorithms, protocols, and methods associated with your research manuscript. Your datasets will also be searchable on Mendeley Data Search, which includes nearly 11 million indexed datasets.
For more information, visit Mendeley Data. Ulrich J Frey Marc Deissenroth Andranik Akopov Levon Beklaryan Introductory Overview Papers.
Models in System Design (Current Issues in Electronic Modeling)
Enrich your scientific article online. Position Papers. Article Selections. Edited By Alexey Voinov. PlumX Metrics. Below is a recent list of — articles that have had the most social media attention. The Plum Print next to each article shows the relative activity in each of these categories of metrics: Captures, Mentions, Social Media and Citations.
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Modelling wave action, morphodynamics and vegetation dynamics. Assessing resource-use efficiency of land use. CoastSat : A Google Earth Engine-enabled Python toolkit to extract shorelines from publicly available satellite imagery. Special Issues. Amin Tayyebi. The design usually has to satisfy certain goals and constraints, may take into account aesthetic, functional, economic, or socio-political considerations, and is expected to interact with a certain environment. Major examples of designs include architectural blueprints , engineering drawings , business processes , circuit diagrams , and sewing patterns.
The person who produces a design is called a designer , which is a term generally used for people who work professionally in one of the various design areas - usually specifying which area is being dealt with such as a textile designer , fashion designer , product designer , concept designer , web designer website designer or interior designer , but also others such as architects and engineers.
A designer's sequence of activities is called a design process, possibly using design methods. The process of creating a design can be brief a quick sketch or lengthy and complicated, involving considerable research, negotiation, reflection, modeling , interactive adjustment and re-design.
Substantial disagreement exists concerning how designers in many fields, whether amateur or professional, alone or in teams, produce designs. Kees Dorst and Judith Dijkhuis, both designers themselves, argued that "there are many ways of describing design processes" and discussed "two basic and fundamentally different ways",  both of which have several names.
The prevailing view has been called "the rational model",  "technical problem solving"  and "the reason-centric perspective". The rational model was independently developed by Herbert A. The rational model is based on a rationalist philosophy  and underlies the waterfall model ,  systems development life cycle ,  and much of the engineering design literature. Each stage has many associated best practices. The action-centric perspective is a label given to a collection of interrelated concepts, which are antithetical to the rational model.
- Adaptive Tuning of Model Predictive Control Parameters Based on Analytical Results;
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The action-centric perspective is based on an empiricist philosophy and broadly consistent with the agile approach  and amethodical development. At least two views of design activity are consistent with the action-centric perspective. Both involve three basic activities.
Design - Wikipedia
In the reflection-in-action paradigm , designers alternate between " framing ", "making moves", and "evaluating moves". A "move" is a tentative design decision. The evaluation process may lead to further moves in the design. In the sensemaking—coevolution—implementation framework, designers alternate between its three titular activities. Sensemaking includes both framing and evaluating moves. Implementation is the process of constructing the design object. Coevolution is "the process where the design agent simultaneously refines its mental picture of the design object based on its mental picture of the context, and vice versa".
Journal of Modelling in Management
The concept of the design cycle is understood as a circular time structure,  which may start with the thinking of an idea, then expressing it by the use of visual or verbal means of communication design tools , the sharing and perceiving of the expressed idea, and finally starting a new cycle with the critical rethinking of the perceived idea. Anderson points out that this concept emphasizes the importance of the means of expression, which at the same time are means of perception of any design ideas. There are countless philosophies for guiding design as design values and its accompanying aspects within modern design vary, both between different schools of thought [ which?
A design goal may range from solving the least significant individual problem of the smallest element, to the most holistic influential utopian goals.
Design goals are usually for guiding design. However, conflicts over immediate and minor goals may lead to questioning the purpose of design, perhaps to set better long term or ultimate goals. John Heskett, a 20th-century British writer on design claimed, "Design, stripped to its essence, can be defined as the human nature to shape and make our environment in ways without precedent in nature, to serve our needs and give meaning to our lives. Reflections on material culture and environmental concerns sustainable design can guide a design philosophy. The scope of debate is shrinking; it must expand.
Consumerism is running uncontested; it must be challenged by other perspectives expressed, in part, through the visual languages and resources of design. Simon , the author asserts design to be a meta-discipline of all professions.
Everyone designs who devises courses of action aimed at changing existing situations into preferred ones. The intellectual activity that produces material artifacts is no different fundamentally from the one that prescribes remedies for a sick patient or the one that devises a new sales plan for a company or a social welfare policy for a state. Design, so construed, is the core of all professional training; it is the principal mark that distinguishes the professions from the sciences.
More specifically, the definition of an extension for SysML follows a process composed of three phases, namely: i domain model also known as abstract syntax definition, which covers the identification of the main concepts, features and relationships of the working domain; ii profile definition, which maps elements in the domain model into profile elements for SysML; and iii concrete syntax definition, which specifies how each profile element is represented.
Figure 9 shows the proposed domain model defined as a metamodel, which represents the concepts as meta-classes, features as attributes and relationships as associations. The proposed domain model includes BlackBox and Cable metaclasses as main citizens, which allows representing black boxes hardware components and cables in ECAD modeling, respectively. The BlackBox metaclass includes attributes to model both the component identifier i. Additionally, the metaclass includes an attribute to optionally model the view of the black box i.
The Cable metaclass includes attributes to define the cable length and part number. Cables end in one or more connectors. The metaclass also includes a composition to define the cable Bundles which define the bundle type, see BundleType enumeration, and also has a part number. Bundles contain the set of conductors the parent cable is composed of. Additionally, the bundle metaclass includes a self-referencing association i. The Conductor metaclass represents conductors in ECAD modeling and includes attributes to model the part number, gauge, signal and color. They can be linked to a set of single contacts contact.
The Connector metaclass represents connectors in ECAD modeling and includes attributes to model the connector identifier, its part number, its type see ConnectorType enumeration and, optionally, its view. The association tools allow indicating the tool used to build the contact see Tool metaclass, which includes the part number of the tool and extra metadata. The metaclass also includes two self-referencing associations, i. Finally, the connector metaclass is composed of a set of contacts, represented by the association contacts.
The Contact metaclass represents contacts in ECAD modeling and includes attributes to model the contact identifier, its part number and the crimping setting represented as a data map. This metaclass is abstract and the root of a hierarchy aimed at modeling the different contacts in ECAD modeling, specifically: i single contacts see SingleContact metaclass , which have a type i.
Figure 11 offers a high-level view of the organization of the SysML e profile. Figure 12 shows the contents of the SysML e Datatypes package and demonstrates how the datatypes presented in the Figure 9 have been accommodated in the profile.
The translation has been almost a one-to-one mapping, however, some minor changes have been introduced: the Color enumeration has been enriched to allow arbitrary colors, and the Image datatype has been simplified looking for an alignment with the modeling tool. On the other hand, Figure 13 shows the proposed SysML e profile.
Elements with a blue background correspond to new stereotypes introduced by the SysML e profile, elements with a red background correspond to stereotypes imported from SysML that are extended by SysML e , and elements with a green background correspond to metaclasses imported from the UML metamodel. Most of the metaclasses in the domain model have been mapped to stereotypes in the profile. Attributes and associations in the domain model have been mapped either to new attributes and associations in the profile or to existing properties inherited from UML or SysML.
Additionally, it is noteworthy that, in order to accommodate SysML semantics, some classes of the domain model have been split into two stereotypes i. Thus, ConnectorBlock and ContactBlock are the classifiers which provide the corresponding types. This organization has an additional advantage: ConnectorBlocks and ContactBlocks can be stored in model libraries that can be imported enabling reuse of pre-built elements.
Some OCL constraints may apply, for instance: i ports on ContactBlocks and Cables can only be stereotyped with Connector; ii the type of a Connector must be a class annotated with ConnectorBlock; and iii the type of Contact ports must be a ContactBlock. Conductors are represented as BindingConnectors. Some concepts, however, have been transformed into properties since they do not correspond to objects that are going to be depicted in the diagram, but that contain additional information which is attached to elements shown in ECAD Diagrams. This is the case of the Tool, which has been included as the toolInfo property in the ConnectorBlock stereotype.
Other properties have been omitted since they can be represented using the properties inherited from UML.
This is the case for the cables self-association of the Cable class in Figure 9. Thus, the self-association is not needed in the SysML e Cable stereotype. The proposed concrete syntax is based on the common notation used in ECAD modeling tools. For the sake of clarity, the graphical representation of each element is shown in black while other contextual elements may be added in gray.
Only profile elements with concrete syntax are shown.